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St. Jude Thaddeus and St. Simon the Zealot, Apostles

Sts Simon and Jude, Apostles. Western Christianity Feast Day and Lutheran Lesser Festival for the Judean Simon (the Cananean, Σίμων ὁ Κανανίτης, ⲥⲓⲙⲱⲛ ⲡⲓ-ⲕⲁⲛⲁⲛⲉⲟⲥ, ܫܡܥܘܢ ܩܢܢܝܐ, Zelotes, the Zealot) who, after preaching in Egypt, joined, for a long mission to Persia, Jude (Thaddeus, Lebbeus, Θαδδαῖος, ⲑⲁⲇⲇⲉⲟⲥ, ܝܗܘܕܐ ܫܠܝܚܐ the brother of James), one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, who was distinguished from Judas Iscariot the apostle who betrayed Jesus prior to his Crucifixion and had been preaching in Mesopotamia. Many thousands became converts in Persia but the magicians and fortune-tellers were deeply resentful and sought the means to kill the holy Apostles. To this end, they had them both seized and dragged, one before an idol of the sun, the other before that of the moon, to be commanded to offer incense. The holy men refused to comply with so wicked a demand, saying that they sacrificed only to the true God, after which they began to preach the Gospel. The furious Pagans refused to listen to them and in their rage cut St Simon to pieces with a saw and beheaded St Jude. In this manner, these two holy Apostles ended their lives earning the glorious crown of martyrdom and are thus commemorated together. Jude’s name is borne by one of the canonical epistles, which has much in common with the second epistle of St Peter and cautions the faithful: to guard themselves against those who, having forsaken the true Church and preach heresy; to remain constant in their faith; and to practise diligently all virtues, especially charity, chastity and purity. St Bernard had a particular devotion to St Jude, whose relics were sent to him and, on his death-bed, he requested that they be laid on his breast and be buried with him. Luther rejected Jude’s epistle from Holy Writ, although St Augustine had counted it among the most inspired books more than a thousand years before. St Simon is venerated in the Catholic (Eastern and Roman) and Eastern Orthodox Churches, Oriental Orthodoxy, Anglicanism and Lutheranism, with a Feast Day on 10 May in Byzantine Christianity. St Simon the Zealot is patron of curriers, sawyers and tanners. St Thaddeus is venerated in all Christian denominations that venerate saints. There are shrines venerating the Apostle Jude in Australia, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Cuba, India, Iran, Nigeria, The Philippines, New Zealand, the UK, the USA and Lebanon. The National Shrine of Saint Jude at Faversham was founded in 1955. Jude is patron of Armenia, lost causes, desperate situations, hospitals, St Petersburg, Florida, the Chicago Police Department, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo Rio de Janeiro, Lucena, Quezon, Sibalom, Antique, Trece Mártires, Cavite, the Philippines, Sinajana, Guam. The Armenian Apostolic Church honours St Thaddeus along with Saint Bartholomew as its patron saints. St Jude the Apostle’s Feast Days in Islam and Eastern Christianity are on 19 June and 21 August. Image: catholicnewsagency.com.

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St Dorbbéne (Dorbéne mac Altaíni, Dorbbeneus) (d713). Feast Day for one of the most senior members of the community on Iona who, before he became the Abbot, was the scribe of the c700 earliest surviving copy of Adomnán’s Life of Columba, written in Latin on Iona around 650 and of which some manuscripts survive. In 1621, an Irish Jesuit at the University of Dillingen in Germany found in the monastery of Reichenau, on an island in Lake Constance, a small book containing Adomnán’s Life of St Columba copied by a monk of Iona who gives his name as Dorbbéne. At a later date, the book became separated from the main collection of ancient manuscripts at Reichenau, now kept in the public library at Karlsruhe, but it was found again in the Eighteenth Century in the nearby town of Schaffhausen, where it has been kept in the public library for some two hundred years and still remains. Dorbbéne was Abbot of Iona for only a brief period before his 713 death and he is commonly identified with the scribe Dorbbeneus who signs his name in the Schaffhausen manuscript of the Vita sancti Columbae (Life of Columba). Dorbbéne was succeeded as Abbot of Iona by Fáelchú. Image: hmmlschool.com.

🎃 Charles Christian on Twitter: "When I was a kid in Scarboro in the 1950s  we didn't do #Halloween but Mischief Night was ripe, we'd go out with Punkie  Lanterns carved from

Punkie Night. Traditional West Country holiday, celebrated on the last Thursday of October in Somerset, when children originally marched around with the ghoulish faces of the jack o’lantern candle-lit swedes or mangel-wurzels (sea beet) that were the forerunners of hollowed-out Halloween pumpkins. Halloween’s origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain that by 43 CE started to be converted into the combined pagan Roman Feralia and Lemuria festivals, as most Celtic territories in what is now England were overrun by the invaders. Feralia, in late October, traditionally commemorated the passing of the dead. Lemuria honoured Pomona, the Roman goddess of fruit and trees whose symbol was the apple, from which came the tradition of bobbing for apples. On Punkie Night, the children would be led by a Punkie King and a Punkie Queen to beg for candles and threaten people who refused to give them anything, the origin of Trick-or-Treating. Punkie is an old English name for a lantern and punk (pumpkin) for punk tinder, the easily-combustible material used to light a fire. The Punkie Night custom’s origins are to be found in the 1257 Chiselborough Fair, held around the 18 October St Luke’s Day, when men would come back late from the Fair needing candles as lights to guide them home and women would make jack o’lanterns for their husbands or the men themselves would do this. In earlier times, farmers would put a traditional Punkie on their gates to ward off evil spirits at this time of year. The festival has been celebrated at various sites including Chiselborough, Castle Neroche in the Blackdown Hills, Long Sutton and, more commonly, Hinton St George and the neighbouring village of Lopen. In Ireland, there is a similar Halloween tradition of Pooky Night, Pooky (Welsh Pwca, Cornish Bucca) being a Celtic word for faeries or sprites, and the children dress up in costumes going from door to door asking for treats for the pooky. Image: twitter.com.

Prayer It’s Punkie Night tonight, Adam and Eve would not believe that taking the apple was not right. It’s Punkie Night tonight. Give us a candle, give us a light, if you don’t, the Pooky will give you a fright. Give us a candle, give us light, if you haven’t a candle, a penny’s all right. Diolchwn i’r arglwydd