A daily study of the Network’s diverse faiths
Rohini Vrat. Observed by Jain women for a long, fulfilling life for their husbands and to wish a blessing on immediate family members. Rohini Vrat moon fasting days begin when Rohini Nakshatra (Aldebaran) rises after dawn in the fourth of the twenty-seven lunar mansion small constellations of stars that the moon travels through as it orbits the Earth. This happens every 27 days and devotees celebrate this vrat (pious observance) to rid themselves of all types of sorrow, poverty and obstacles in their lives. Women should observe these days, considered an easy spiritual discipline for learning patience, forbearance and harmony, over three, five or seven years, and fasting over five years and five months is advocated. In some families, all the members observe the vrat to enhance the quality of life in families and to win the blessings of Vasupujya Bhagavan, the great warrior King who was compassionate and charitable, as was his benevolent Queen who inspired him in charitable activities. Image: desicomments.com.
Birth of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (جعفر الصادق). Annual celebration of the birth of the 732-65 CE Sixth Imam of Twelver and Ismaili Shi’a on 17 Rabi’ al-Awwal (رَبِيع ٱلْأَوَّل) in 702 CE (c 83 AH) in Medina (Al-Madinah). According to Twelver and Isma’ili Shi’ites. Al-Sadiq was the Muslim scholar who founded of the Ja’fari school of jurisprudence, was a significant figure in the formulation of Shi’a doctrine and figured prominently in the initiatic chains of many Sufi orders. He is also important to Sunnis as a teacher of the Sunni scholars Abu Hanifah and Malik ibn Anas, who are traditionally regarded as the founders of the Hanafi and Maliki schools of Sunni jurisprudence, respectively, and as a transmitter of Sunni hadith. Despite a wide range of works in religious as well as scientific disciplines being attributed to him, none remain extant. In his mid-thirties, Al-Sadiq inherited the position of imam from his father and he stayed out of the political conflicts that embroiled the region, evading the many requests for support that he received from rebels. He was the victim of some harassment by the Abbasid caliphs and was eventually, according to Shi’a Muslims, poisoned on the orders of the Caliph Al-Mansur. The question of succession after al-Sadiq’s death was the cause of division among Shi’a who considered his eldest son, Isma’il, who had reportedly died before his father, to be the next Imam, and those who believed his third son Musa al-Kadhim was the imam. The first group became known as the Ismailis and the second, larger, group was named Ja’fari or the Twelvers. The traditions recorded from al-Sadiq are said to be more numerous than all hadiths recorded from all other Shi’a imams combined. As the founder of Ja’fari jurisprudence, al-Sadiq also elaborated the doctrine of Nass, the divinely inspired designation of each imam by the previous imam and Ismah, the infallibility of the imams, as well as that of Taqiyyah, the practice of concealing one’s belief and foregoing ordinary religious duties when under threat of death or injury. The resting place of al-Sadiq is at Jannat al-Baqi’, Medina, in present-day Saudi Arabia. Image: nooralislam-lb.net.
San Antoni Maria Claret i Clarà (San Antonio María Claret y Clara, St Anthony Mary Claret CMF) (1807-70). Feast Day commemorating the death of the Catalan Roman Catholic Bishop, Archbishop, missionary and Confessor of Isabella II of Spain. As a child, he went on pilgrimages to the Shrine of Our Lady of Fussimanya and at twelve became a weaver, moving to Barcelona to programme Jacquard looms. He devoted his spare time to study, becoming proficient in Latin, French and engraving. Suffering from programming burnout and recognising a call to the religious life, he became a Carthusian monk, entering the local diocesan seminary at the Catalan city of Vic at twenty-two and being ordained at 28 on the Feast of St Anthony of Padua. As a priest in his native parish, he continued to study theology and went to Rome to seek missionary work. There, he entered the Jesuit novitiate but had to leave due to ill health, returning to exercise his pastoral ministry in Viladrau and Girona, attracting notice through his efforts on behalf of the poor. In an area despoiled by the Carlist civil war, he added the practice of rustic medicine to his other endeavours. At 42, he was appointed Archbishop of Santiago, Cuba. Before he embarked, he made three pilgrimages: to Our Lady of the Pillar, patroness of Spain; to the Virgin of Montserrat, patroness of Catalonia; and to Our Lady of Fussimanya, near his home village. With Maria Antonia Paris, he founded the Religious of Mary Immaculate, the first female religious institute in Cuba. He also visited jails and hospitals, defended the oppressed and denounced racism. His work stirred up opposition and at Holguín his cheek was stabbed by a would-be assassin associated with freemasonry but Claret obtained a commutation of the assailant’s death sentence. He founded the congregation of Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, the Claretians, which now has over four hundred houses and over three thousand members, with missions on five continents. Archbishop Claret founded or drew up the Rules of several communities of religious sisters. His zealous life and the wonders he wrought, both before and after his death on 24 October 1870 in Fontfroide, Narbonne, France, testified to his sanctity. Venerated in Roman Catholic Church. Feast Day 23 October in local calendars and among Traditional Roman Catholics. Major shrine Vic, Barcelona. Patron of dioceses of the Canary Islands, textile merchants, weavers, savings (the importance of which of which he taught the poor), the Catholic press, Claretians, Claretian students, Claretian educators and Claretian educational institutions, Foundations. Image: view.genial.ly.
Prayer San Antoni Maria Claret i Clarà, your body would become transfigured in prayer and you would levitate off the ground, stop Cuban earthquakes by prayer and calm terrible storms by raising a hand to the sky and blessing the storm clouds. We pray that you help us in all our troubles today. Amen