A daily study of the Network’s diverse faiths
San Fermín (Saint Firmin of Amiens, Firminus) (dc300). Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches Feast Day for the legendary Basque Bishop and Martyr. According to legend, a senator from Pamplona named Firmus was converted to Christianity by St Honestus and persuaded Saturninus, the first Bishop of Toulouse, to come to Pamplona to baptise him in a church built on the foundations of a pagan temple. There, the Bishop preached to large crowds and baptised some 40,000 people over three days. Firmus’ son, Firminus (Fermin), was entrusted to Honestus for his Christian education and at age 31 Firmin went to Toulouse to be consecrated by Saturninus’ successor, Honoratus. He returned to Pamplona as its first Bishop, went to preach in northern Gaul and then through Aquitania, Auvernia and Anjou, before settling in Amiens where he was also named Bishop but the local authorities had him persecuted, imprisoned and beheaded. Venerated in Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic Churches, Several miracles attended the discovery in Amiens, where he was venerated, and c600 translation to Pamplona of the relics of St Fermin. A sweet odour arose from his grave, causing ice and snow to melt, flowers to grow, the sick to be cured and trees to be inclined reverently toward the saint. Feast Day celebrated in Pamplona 7 July with Sanfermines and Running of the Bulls (encierro). Patron of Pamplona, Amiens, France, Lesaka, Navarre. Image: facebook.com.
Prayer To San Fermín we ask, for your being our Patron Saint, that you guide us today, giving us your blessing. This prayer we say before today’s activities and then again when they are done, contemplating your image as though before the special niche on Calle Santo Domingo in which your statue is placed. Amen
Saints Louis Martin et Zélie Guérin (Louis Joseph Aloys Stanislaus Martin and Marie-Azélie Guérin Martin) (1823/31-94/77). Commemoration of the French Roman Catholic lay couple who, frustrated in their attempts to enter religious life, married and had 9 children, 5 of them nuns. The youngest, Thérèse of Lisieux of the Child Jesus, was affectionately known as the Little Flower, entered a Carmelite convent at 15 and was canonised as a saint of the Catholic Church. The parents were also canonised as saints, becoming the first spouses in church history to be canonised as a couple. Venerated in Roman Catholic Church. Feast Day 12 July. Image: www.leslibraires.fr
Madonna, Divina Pastora (Madonna, Divine Shepherdess). In 1703, Mary was given the title Divine Shepherdess by Father Isidore of Spain on his return from his monastery in Cadiz to his native Seville, after a vision in which the Blessed Mother appeared to him as a young shepherdess with a crook in her hand and a large straw hat falling over her shoulders. The next morning, the priest hurried to an artist’s shop in a suburb of Seville, telling of his vision and giving Miquel de Tovar an order that a picture be painted of Our Lady as she had appeared to him sitting on a rock under a tree, her face radiating divine and tender love. In her left hand she held a rose, while the right hand rested on the head of a lamb that had sought shelter on her lap. The flock of sheep that surrounded her carried, in their mouths, the Virgin’s flower. Practically every church had set aside a corner for the Divine Shepherdess and the paintings of her became so numerous that the Capuchin Fathers made a collection of them. In the convent in Seville there is today a museum dedicated to this unique and charming representation of Mary, with a fine statue carved by Francisco Gijon, so natural and so beautiful that it appears almost lifelike. In place of the simple costume of the shepherdess, the statue is glorified by a lavish white satin gown. On her dark hair she wears a wide-brimmed straw hat decorated with large daisies. There are also engravings, medals, embroidery and lace to give evidence of this widespread devotion. The details vary but Our Lady is always recognisable by the crook and hat, which is shaped in the styles of the day, giving unique interpretations of the Blessed Mother as Divine Shepherdess. Image: pinterest,com.