A daily study of the Network’s diverse faiths

October 18 is the Feast of Saint Luke, the Evangelist

St Luke the Evangelist (Lucas, Λουκᾶς, Loukâs, לוקאס‎, Luqas, ܠܘܩܐ לוקא‎, Luqa) (1-84 CE). Feast Day and Lutheran Lesser Festival for Syrian physician from Antioch, a writer, painter of the first icons, noted historian, disciple of Paul until Paul was martyred, missionary, Bishop, Apostle, early Christian saint and martyr, and one of the Four Evangelists traditionally ascribed to the authorship of the canonical gospels. The Early Church Fathers ascribed to Luke authorship of both the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, over a quarter of the text of the New Testament and more than any other author. Luke has support from the St Thomas Christians in India, who claim to have one of the Theotokos icons that St Luke painted and that St Thomas took to India. St Luke died in Thebes in Central Greece and is venerated in all Christian Churches venerating saints. Major shrine is in the Abbey of Santa Giustina, Padua. Patron of artists, bachelors, physicians, surgeons, farmers, students and butchers. Image: blog.aqinasandmore.com.

The Heavy Anglo Orthodox: Gwen 'Teirbron' the Saint-Bearer of Brittany and  Dorset

St Gwen (Gwen Teirbron, Wite, Gwenn, Blanche, Alba Trimammis, Candida) (c499-c550). Feast Day for widowed Breton holy woman who was the daughter of King Budic II of Brittany and had an epithet is Welsh meaning the one of the three breasts. She was thus a euhemerised mother goddess and popular devotion interpreted her unusual physical and spiritual fecundity as God’s gift to her of her third breast. Gwen first married Fracan, a cousin to King Cado of Dumnonia in the Celtic West of England. To escape the grave pestilence around British Dumnonia, Gwen and Fracan settled at PlouFracan (now Ploufragan, west of Saint-Malo in Brittany) in Domnonée (French Dumnonia) an historic kingdom in northern Armorica (Brittany) founded by immigrants from British Dumnonia. Gwen bore Fracan a daughter Chreirbia (Creirvy), who became a saint, and two sons Wethnoc (WinwaloeI) and Iacob (Jacut, James), both of whom became saints. After Fracan died, Gwen married the Breton Eneas Ledewig, to whom she bore another son, St Cadfan. Gwen was twice kidnapped by Anglo-Saxon pirates and carried off to Britain, but on both occasions she escaped and walked across the sea back to Brittany. Towards the end of her life, Gwen settled at Whitchurch Canonicorum in the Marshwood Vale in Dorset , then in Eastern Dumnonia. She lived there in her small hermitage until the Saxon pagans wreaked their revenge, ransacking her home and martyring her. St Gwen is likely to be the mysterious female saint whose bones lie in the shrine in the parish church of Whitchurch Canonicorum that has for centuries been a focus of healing miracles. The church is dedicated to St Candida and Holy Cross but is traditionally known as the Church of St Witta or St Wite. Gwen is also commemorated on 3 October in the Catholic Church, although this has been transferred from Saint Candidus of Rome, and on 18 July (New Style) by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad in Australia. Invoked for women’s fertility. Image: heavyangloorthodox.blogspot.com.

Prayer O holy Martyr Gwen, you praised Christ in your saint-bearing life, and in your death you were glorified. Miracles continue through your prayers. Intercede for all who call upon you in faith, O Holy Mother Gwen, to Christ our God that He may make us whole. Amen

LA CATHÉDRALE DE Reims / Patrick demouy / ed Saep 1972 Dédicacé - EUR 6,00  | PicClick FR

Dédicace de l’église Notre-Dame de Reims (Dedication of the Church of Our Lady of Rheims) (d406). On 18 October 862, in Rheims in the presence of the Emperor, Hincmar a new 86 m (282 ft) church with two transepts was dedicated on the site of the abbey church built by St Nicasius, Archbishop of Rhiems around 400. St Nicasius prophesied that France would be invaded by the Vandals, telling the people of Rheims to prepare themselves for this. When the Vandals arrived at the city gates in 406, St Nicasius went out to meet them with his sister, a faithful lector and deacon. They were killed, but their sacrifice gave time for more of the people of Rheims to flee to safety. When St Nicasius was beheaded, he was praying Psalm 119 and was martyred at the moment he reached the phrase Adhaesit pavimento anima mea, (My soul is attached to dust). After he was decapitated, his head struck the ground and he miraculously continued the Psalm, saying Vivifica me, Domine, secundum verbum tuum (Revive me, Lord, with your words). At the beginning of the Tenth Century, an ancient crypt beneath the 862 church was discovered and by 1345 the present Cathedral of Notre-Dame (Notre-Dame de Reims, Our Lady of Rheims) was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and became the traditional location for the coronation of the kings of France. Since the 1905 law on the separation of church and state, the cathedral has been owned by the French state, whilst the Catholic church has an agreement for its exclusive use. The French state pays for its restoration and upkeep and the cathedral is a major tourist destination, receiving about one million visitors annually. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991. Image: picclick.fr.