A daily study of the Network’s diverse faiths
Papa Giovanni XXIII (Pope St John XXIII, Ioannes, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli) (1881-1963). Catholic Church Feast Day for the Italian Bishop of Rome who was born in Sotto il Monte, Bergamo and ordained in 1904. He was the 1925-34 Titular Archbishop of Areopolis, a 1925-31 Official to Bulgaria, the 1931-34 Apostolic Delegate to Bulgaria, 1934-53 Titular Archbishop of Mesembria, 1934-44 Apostolic Delegate to Turkey and to Greece, 1944-53 Apostolic Nuncio to France, 1953-58 Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prisca and Patriarch of Venice, and head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1958 to 1963. Thus, this shy, retiring man with a wonderful sense of humour, became the beloved Pope St John XXIII. Perhaps the greatest irony was that his fellow Cardinals elected him as a caretaker pope to give them time to select a more permanent candidate. However, the Holy Spirit guided him to call the historic Second Vatican Council and make many passionate speeches during his pontificate. His views on equality were summed up in his statement: “We were all made in God’s image, and thus, we are all Godly alike.” He especially reached out to the Eastern Orthodox churches. His overall goal was to modernise the Church by emphasising its pastoral role and its necessary involvement with affairs of state. He increased the rule of 70 cardinals to 85 and used the opportunity to name the first cardinals from Africa, Japan and The Philippines. He promoted ecumenical movements in cooperation with other Christian faiths and was known as the Good Pope (il Papa Buono}. Pope John died on 3 June 1963 in the Apostolic Palace of the Vatican City, before seeing the Vatican Council to completion. Venerated in Catholic Church, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Anglicanism, Anglican Church of Canada, Episcopal Church of the United States. Feast day 3 June Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and Anglican Church of Australia, 4 June Anglican Church of Canada, Episcopal Anglican Church of Brazil, Scottish Episcopal Church and Episcopal Church (USA). Patron of Papal Delegates, Patriarchy of Venice, Second Vatican Council, Christian unity, Diocese of Bergamo, Sotto il Monte, Valsamoggia and the Italian Army. Image: pandolfini.it.
Prayer As each day did the Good Pope, I greet you, Mother, every morning and evening and I pray to you as I go on my way. From you I hope for the inspiration and encouragement that will enable me to fulfil the sacred promises of my earthly vocation, give glory to God and win eternal salvation. Amen
St Phillip, Deacon (St Philip the Evangelist, Φίλιππος, Philippos) (d80). Feast Day and Lutheran Commemoration of the First-Century Palestinian who appears several times in the Acts of the Apostles and who was one of the Seven Deacons that were chosen to attend to certain temporal affairs of the church in Jerusalem in consequence of the murmurings of the Hellenists against the Hebrews, and who cared for the poor of the Christian community in Jerusalem. After the martyrdom of Stephen, he went to the city of Samaria to preach and perform miracles there. His meeting and baptising an Ethiopian eunuch on the road from Jerusalem to Gaza traditionally marks the start of the forerunner of the official mid-Fourth-Century Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Later, Philip lived in Caesarea Maritima with his four daughters, who were prophets, and there he was visited by Paul the Apostle. Venerated in Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Catholic Churches, Eastern Orthodox Church, Coptic Orthodox Church, Armenian Apostolic Church, Ethiopian Orthodox Church, Syriac Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, Lutheranism. Image: spdlc.or.
Divine Maternity of Our Lady and Queenship of Mary. This Feast, observed throughout the Western Church, honours Mary as the Mother of God and bears the same relationship to the Annunciation and to Christmas as does the Synaxis of Our Lady in the Byzantine Rite. The festival was long known in Portugal, where the Maternity of Our Lady was declared a Feast on 22 January 1751 at the request of King Joseph Manuel. The Feast, granted to the dioceses of Portugal, Brazil, and Algeria, was assigned to the first Sunday in May. The following year, it was extended to the province of Venice, in 1778 to the kingdom of Naples and in 1807 to Tuscany. In 1931, it was finally instituted on 11 October by Pope Pius XI for the 1931 Fifteenth Centenary of the 431 Council of Ephesus. At the same time, the Pope ordered the restoration of the Marian mosaics in Saint Mary Major (Basilica Papale di Santa Maria Maggiore) in Rome, which were much decayed with age. The Pope issued an encyclical letter Lux Veritatis that included in the truths that for the new festival that Mary, loved and revered so warmly by the separated Christians of the East, never would he suffer them to wander and be unhappily led further away from the unity of the Church, therefore from her Son, whose Vicar on earth he was. Image: roman-catholic-saints.com.