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100+ ગુજરાતી] Happy New Year Wishes in Gujarati 2021

Gujarati New Year (Bestu Varas, Chopda). Celebrated on the day after the principal day of Diwali, a most auspicious day for the Gujarati community celebrated with great devoutness and enthusiasm across the state. Lakshmi is worshipped during the Chopda Puja (book) Gujarati New Year or Bestu Varas (sitting year) ritual, known to North Indians as Bhai-Khata­ or Sharda (Goddess Saraswati) puja and Muharat Pujan to others. The belief is that this worship will help make the new year more prosperous and profitable. Legend is that Lord Krishna convinced the people of his Gokul childhood home not to make abundant offerings to Lord Indra. He taught the people, who were mostly farmers and shepherds, that their true cosmic law dharma governing individual conduct were the hills and cattle that gave them supplies and resources. Lord Indra did not take this well and unleashed his wrath upon the people and so Krishna lifted the Govardhan Hill on the site of the Uttar Pradesh Hindu pilgrimage the previous day, to shelter and protect the people and their cows. Nowadays, believers normally celebrate by wearing new clothes, visiting the temples and meeting friends and relatives to greet each other and exchange Happy New Year wishes with Nutan Varsh Abhinandan or Saal Mubarak. Normally, there are fireworks outside beautifully-decorated homes and the women of the household prepare delicious sweets and snacks which are then distributed among all the neighbours. People close their old account books and open new ones (Chopda) with a worship ritual during which they are marked with the symbols Shubh (auspicious), Labh (benefit) and an opening swastika, followed by a prayer for a profitable financial year. It is a day to forget the past, clear all misunderstandings and welcome new beginnings on an auspicious note. Image: www.jaduikahaniya.com

Prayer May Shri Krishna shower you with his choicest blessings on the beautiful New Year Day, hoping that this New Year will usher in hope, a renewed confidence and the willpower to fight all odds and emerge as the winner. We pray that Shri Krishna may restore peace and harmony in society. Thathaastu

Pratipada (Padwa). On the last day of Deepawali, Vikram-Samvat, the historic Hindu calendar used on the Indian subcontinent and Nepal starts and Govardhan Puja (Worship) is performed, the legend being that when Lord Indra was provoked He tried to submerge the young Lord Krishna’s hometown of Gokul but the people there survived on the Govardhan Royal Hill, on which a blessing was bestowed that it be honoured through the ages, a tradition that has been followed ever since. At this sacred pilgrimage site, brahmins and devotees of most Hindu denominations prepare and offer a mountain of 56 vegetarian foods as a mark of gratitude to Bhagwan (God) Shri Krishna for lifting the Govardhan Hill to provide the townsfolk with shelter from Lord Indra’s torrential rains. The miracle is seen to represent how God will protect all devotees who take singular refuge in him and devotees now walk round the hill to offer Him food, an eleven-mile trek with several shrines where flowers and other offerings are placed. At home, families create an image of Giriraj Govardhan (the mountain) adorned with miniature model cows, grass and twigs representing trees. Mathura in Uttar Pradesh and Nathdwara in Rajasthan normally have huge crowds in temples, where deities are ritually bathed and adorned. The day is also observed as Padwa and dedicated to the love between husband and wife, when men buy gifts for their wives. Most households mark this day by wearing new clothes and jewellery, greeting family members and also distributing sweets and gifts among friends and neighbours. Image: dailyadvent.com.

Guy Fawkes Day Posters | Redbubble

Guy Fawkes Day (Bonfire Night). Annual commemoration, observed primarily in the UK, of the events of 5 November 1605 when Guy Fawkes, who was born in York, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics and who had fought for the Spanish under the soubriquet Guido Fawkes, was arrested whilst guarding explosives that plotters had placed beneath the House of Lords. To celebrate the fact that the Protestant King James I of England (James VI of Scotland) had survived this attempt on his life, people lit bonfires around London and the Observance of 5th November Act 1605 (Thanksgiving Act) was passed in 1606, legislating an annual thanksgiving for the failure of the Plot with a festival similar to the Jewish Passover or Purim. This required church ministers to hold a special annual service of Thanksgiving on 5 November, during which the text of the Act was to be read out, with everyone being required to attend and to remain orderly throughout the service. Within a few decades of 1606, Gunpowder Treason Day became the predominant English state commemoration but, as it carried strong Protestant religious overtones, it also became a focus for anti-Catholic sentiment. Puritans delivered sermons regarding the perceived dangers of popery, whilst during increasingly raucous celebrations the common folk burned effigies of popular hate-figures such as the Pope. Settlers exported the celebration to overseas colonies, including some in North America where it was known as Pope Day but the latter died out with the onset of the late-Seventeenth Century American Revolution. Towns such as Lewes and Guildford were, from the 1820s, scenes of increasingly violent class-based confrontations, fostering 5 November traditions that those towns now follow peacefully. In 1850, the Pope restored the Catholic hierarchy in England and Wales with the creation of thirteen new dioceses, each headed by a diocesan bishop and changing attitudes resulted in the toning down of much of the previous anti-Catholic rhetoric, the Observance of 5th November Act being repealed in 1859, no penalties for its breach ever having been prescribed. Towards the end of the Eighteenth Century, reports appear of children begging for money with effigies of Guy Fawkes and 5 November gradually became known as Guy Fawkes Day. The violence in the UK subsided and by the Twentieth Century Guy Fawkes Day had become an enjoyable social commemoration, although lacking much of its original focus. The present-day Guy Fawkes Night is normally celebrated at large organised events, centred on a bonfire and extravagant firework displays. The Lewes Bonfire Night festivities are the largest Fifth of November event in the world, with six separate town Societies and up to thirty visiting societies celebrating around the town with processions, costumes, bonfires and fireworks. The event includes a commemoration of the seventeen local Protestant Martyrs who were burned at the stake in Lewes from 6 June 1556 to 22 June 1557, on the orders of the Protestant Bishop of London during the Marian persecutions of Protestants during the reign of Mary I that saw two hundred and eighty-eight Protestants burned for their supposedly heretical views. Claims that Guy Fawkes Night was a Protestant replacement for older customs such as Samhain are disputed. Image: redbubble.com.